Learning Outcomes

Statements of Learning for Civics and Citizenship – Year 9

Government and law

Students explore principles, features and practcies that characterise democracy in Australia.

They have the opportunity to:

  • recognise that the Australian Constitution establishes the powers and responsibilities of the national parliament and the federal legal system including the High Court

Citizenship in a democracy

Students evaluate Australia’s pluralist society and explore the responsibilities of young adults in contributing to a socially cohesive, democratic community.

They have the opportunity to:

  • evaluate Australian society’s effectiveness in balancing majority rule and respect for minorities in civic decision making
  • recognise that acts of racism and prejudice constitute discrimination and participate in appropriate ways to prevent or counter these

Historical perspectives

Students explore how and why civic and political rights, government policies and national identity have changed over time in Australia.

They have the opportunity to:

  • recognise Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' pursuit of citizenship rights including democratic representation
  • examine the development of multiculturalism in Australia and explore ways in which government policies, including immigration and Aboriginal policies, have changed overtime
  • discusss changes in Australian citizenship and examine reasons why people become Australian citizens
  • consider the influence of key events and ideas in Australia's development as an independent, self-governing democracy from colonisation to the present